Indications

In following skin diseases where bacterial infections are already present or suspected to occur-
  • Primary irritant dermatitis
  • Contact allergic dermatitis
  • Eczema (atopic, infantile, discoid, stasis)
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis

Pharmacology

Fusidic Acid BP 2% & Hydrocortisone Acetate BP 1% combination cream contains the potent topical antibacterial action of Fusidic Acid with the anti-inflammatory & anti-pruritic effects of Hydrocortisone Acetate. When applied topically, Fusidic Acid is effective against Staphylococci, Streptococci, Corynebacteria, Neisseria and certain Clostridia & Bacteroides. Fusidic Acid is an antimicrobial agent that acts as an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the microorganism. It interferes with translocation step by stabilizing the ribosome-guanosine diphosphate elongation factor G-complex. This prevents binding of aminoacyl t-RNA to the ribosome and thereafter stops transfer of additional amino acids to the growing polypeptide. In humans, Hydrocortisone is the principal naturally occurring glucocorticosteroid. In pharmaceutical dosage, its main action is to reduce the response of the skin to injury (i.e. anti-in ammatory). It also has immuno suppressant & anti-mitotic actions.

Dosage & Administration

Adults: This Cream should be applied 3 times daily and gently massaged onto the affected areas for 2 weeks. A shorter course should be considered if symptoms improve.

Children: It is not recommended in children under 3 years of age.

Interaction

If absorbed systemically, Fusidic Acid may inhibit the metabolism of drugs that undergo extensive biotransformation in the liver, but no evidence for this is available. No hazardous drug interactions are reported with topical Hydrocortisone Acetate.

Contraindications

This preparation is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to Fusidic Acid, Hydrocortisone Acetate, or other components of the cream. As with other topical antibiotic/corticosteroid combination preparations, it is contraindicated in bacterial infections due to non-susceptible organisms, fungal infections, tuberculosis of the skin, syphilitic skin infections, chicken pox, eruptions following vaccinations and viral diseases of the skin in general.

Side Effects

Fusidic Acid has been reported to cause mild irritation at the application site, but did not usually require discontinuation of therapy. Reports of hypersensitivity reactions have been rare. Adverse effects are generally local and include: dryness, itching, burning, local irritation, striae, skin atrophy, atrophy of subcutaneous tissues, telangiectasia, hypertrichosis, change in pigmentation and secondary infection. If applied to the face, acne rosacea or perioral dermatitis can occur.

Pregnancy & Lactation

The safety of Fusidic Acid and/or topical Hydrocortisone Acetate during pregnancy or lactation has not been established. The use of this cream during pregnancy or lactation requires that the potential bene ts be weighed against the risks to the fetus or nursing infant.

Precautions & Warnings

Fusidic Acid and Hydrocortisone Acetate should not be used in or near the eye because of the possibility of conjuctival irritation by Fusidic Acid. When used under occlusive dressing, over extensive areas or on the face, scalp, axillae and scrotum, suffcient absorption may occur, giving rise to adrenal suppression and other systemic effects.

Use in Special Populations

Use in children: Clinical trials with Fusidic Acid & Hydrocortisone Acetate have not demonstrated any increased incidence of adverse effects in children 3 years and over. There are no data from randomized, controlled clinical trials on the safety and efficacy of this combination in children under 3 years of age.

Therapeutic Class

Hydrocortisone & Combined preparations

Storage Conditions

Store below 30°C, away from light and moisture. Keep out of the reach of children.