1 gm vial: ৳ 1,800.00
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Indications

Ifosfamide is indicated for use in combination with certain other approved antineoplastic agents for third-line chemotherapy of germ cell testicular cancer. It should be used in combination with Mesna for prophylaxis of hemorrhagic cystitis.

Pharmacology

Ifosfamide is converted to its active metabolites via hepatic microsomal enzymes. These active metabolites act as alkylating agents, disrupting DNA and protein synthesis of the target cells. It is routinely given with mesna to reduce urothelial toxicity.

Dosage & Administration

Lymphoma, Sarcoma, Solid tumours: Different licensed dosage regimens are available.
  • Regimen 1: 8-12 gm/m2 divided over 3-5 days, repeat course every 2-4 wk.
  • Regimen 2: 6 gm/m2 divided over 5 days, repeat course every 3 wk.
  • Regimen 3: 5-6 gm/m2 (max: 10 gm), give as a single 24-hr infusion, repeat course every 3-4 wkly.
Germ cell testicular carcinoma: 1.2 gm/m2/day for 5 days via slow infusion over at least 30 minutes, repeat treatment every 3 wk or after recovery from haematological toxicity. To be given with mesna and adequate hydration of at least 2 L of oral or IV fluid per day.

Interaction

Causes enhanced toxicity with allopurinol, cisplatin. Ifosfamide enhances the anticoagulant effect of warfarin. CYP2A6 inducers (e.g. amobarbital, pentobarbital, phenobarbital, rifampin and secobarbital) may reduce serum levels of ifosfamide while the inhibitors (e.g. isoniazid, methoxsalen and miconazole) may increase its serum levels. CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. aminoglutethimide, carbamazepine, nafcillin, nevirapine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, and rifamycins) may reduce serum levels of ifosfamide while the inhibitors (e.g. azole antifungals, clarithromycin, diclofenac, doxycycline, erythromycin, imatinib, isoniazid) may increase its serum levels.

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity; severe bone-marrow depression. Pregnancy, lactation.

Side Effects

Confusion, alopoecia, nausea, vomiting, phloebitis, somnolence, depression, hallucinations. Wound healing may be impaired during ifosfamide use.

Potentially Fatal: Severe myelosuppression, haemorrhagic cystitis, nephrotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, coma.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Category D: There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk (e.g., if the drug is needed in a life-threatening situation or for a serious disease for which safer drugs cannot be used or are ineffective).

Precautions & Warnings

Hepatic or renal dysfunction, compromised bone marrow reserve. Use with mesna and ensure high oral/IV fluid intake to reduce urotoxic effects.

Use in Special Populations

Renal Impairment: CrCl <10: Administer 75% of dose.

Therapeutic Class

Cytotoxic Chemotherapy

Reconstitution

Add 20 ml of sterile water for inj or sterile bacteriostatic water for inj containing benzyl alcohol or parabens for each 1 g of the drug to produce solutions of 50 mg/ml.

Storage Conditions

Store at 20-25° C.