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Indications

This tablet is indicated in-
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Bone and Joint injuries

Therapeutic Class

Stimulation of Cartilage formation

Pharmacology

Glucosamine: Glucosamine (2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucose) is a natural amino sugar, produced by the body and found in certain foods. It is the most fundamental building block required for biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) like Hyaluronic Acid, Keratan Sulfate and Chondroitin Sulfate. GAGs binds with protein and form proteoglycans, the essential building block of articular cartilage. When cartilage in a joint deteriorates, Osteoarthritis develops. It also helps to form ligaments, tendon, nails and various other connective tissues. When we take artificially synthesized Glucosamine Sulfate supplement, it increases Glucosamine level in the body, thus facilitates production and repair of cartilage. Glucosamine also activates chondrocytes in the cartilage which help produce GAGs and proteoglycans.

In humans, about 90 percent of glucosamine, administered as an oral dose of glucosamine sulfate, is absorbed from the digestive tract. Predominantly metabolized by liver & excreted through urine.

Diacerein: This is used for the treatment of Osteoarthritis. It has also analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activity. It release in vitro and directly inhibits InterLeukin-1(IL-1) synthesis, which is the main cytokine involved in cartilage destruction. Due to specific mode of action, it have been shown to have disease-modifying effect in experimental models of osteoarthritis and in human subjects with finger joint and knee osteoarthritis.

Oral bioavailability of Diacerein 56%. Concurrent intake of food delays the time to peak concentration but associated with a 25% increase in absorption. Therefore, diacerein is best given with food. Mainly binds with protein albumin. Diacerein is metabolized extensively (100%) in liver following oral dosing. Urinary excretion of diacerein in the form of its metabolites has ranged between 35% and 60%.

Dosage & Administration

Use in adults: One tablet twice daily with food.

Use in children and adolescents
: The safety and effectiveness of children and adolescents under the age of 18 years have not been established.

Interaction

Decrease absorption of Diacerein with aluminium and/ or magnesium hydroxide antacids. Increase risk of diarrhea with laxatives or antibiotics.

Contraindications

Contraindicated for those who shows hypersensitivity to Glucosamine or Diacerein.

Side Effects

No serious adverse effect has been reported. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, epigastria pain, headache, skin rashes & intense yellow coloring of urine may be occurred.

Pregnancy & Lactation

This tablet is contraindicated during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Precautions & Warnings

Caution should be practised when administering this tablet in case of patients who are allergic to Glucosamine or Diacerein.

Overdose Effects

There is no data available regarding overdose of this combination.

Storage Conditions

Store in cool & dry place below 30ºC, protect from light & moisture. Keep out of reach of children.