IV Infusion Nivomab IV Infusion

100 mg/10 ml
100 mg vial: ৳ 146,000.00
Also available as:

Indications

Nivolumab is a programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1)-blocking antibody indicated for the treatment of:

Melanoma:
  • patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, as a single agent or in combination with ipilimumab.
  • patients with melanoma with lymph node involvement or metastatic disease who have undergone complete resection, in the adjuvant setting.
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC):
  • adult patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer expressing PD-L1 (≥1%) as determined by an FDA-approved ... Read more

Pharmacology

Binding of the PD-1 ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, to the PD-1 receptor found on T cells, inhibits T-cell proliferation and cytokine production. Upregulation of PD-1 ligands occurs in some tumors and signaling through this pathway can contribute to inhibition of active T-cell immune surveillance of tumors. Nivolumab is a human immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) monoclonal antibody that binds to the PD-1 receptor and blocks its interaction with PD-L1 and PD-L2, releasing PD-1 pathway-mediated inhibition of the immune response, including the anti-tumor immune response. In syngeneic mouse tumor models, blocking PD-1 activity resulted in decreased tumor growth.

Combined nivolumab (anti-PD-1) and ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) mediated inhibition results in enhanced T-cell function that is greater than the effects of either antibody alone, and results in improved anti-tumor responses in metastatic melanoma and advanced RCC. In murine syngeneic tumor models, dual blockade of PD-1 and CTLA-4 resulted in increased anti-tumor activity.

Dosage & Administration

Administer by intravenous infusion based upon recommended infusion rate for each indication.

Unresectable or metastatic melanoma:
  • 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
  • 1 mg/kg followed by ipilimumab 3 mg/kg on the same day every 3 weeks for 4 doses, then 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
Adjuvant treatment of melanoma: 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.

Metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer:
  • 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks.
  • 360 mg every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks and 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy.
  • 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma: 360 mg every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks.

Advanced renal cell carcinoma:
  • 3 mg/kg followed by ipilimumab 1 mg/kg on the same day every 3 weeks for 4 doses, then 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
  • 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks administered in combination with cabozantinib 40 mg once daily without food.
  • 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
Classical Hodgkin lymphoma: 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.

Recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.

Locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma: 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.

Microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer:
  • Adult and pediatric patients ≥40 kg: 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
  • Pediatric patients <40 kg: 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks.
  • Adult and pediatric patients ≥40 kg: 3 mg/kg followed by ipilimumab 1 mg/kg on the same day every 3 weeks for 4 doses, then 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
Hepatocellular carcinoma:
  • 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
  • 1 mg/kg followed by ipilimumab 3 mg/kg on the same day every 3 weeks for 4 doses, then 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: 240 mg every 2 weeks or 480 mg every 4 weeks.

Gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (GC, GEJC, or EAC):
  • 360 mg every 3 weeks with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy every 3 weeks.
  • 240 mg every 2 weeks with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy every 2 weeks.

Contraindications

None

Side Effects

Most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) in patients were:
  • As a single agent: fatigue, rash, musculoskeletal pain, pruritus, diarrhea, nausea, asthenia, cough, dyspnea, constipation, decreased appetite, back pain, arthralgia, upper respiratory tract infection, pyrexia, headache, abdominal pain, and vomiting.
  • In combination with ipilimumab: fatigue, diarrhea, rash, pruritus, nausea, musculoskeletal pain, pyrexia, cough, decreased appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspnea, upper respiratory tract infection, arthralgia, headache, hypothyroidism, decreased weight, and dizziness.
  • In combination with ipilimumab and platinum-doublet chemotherapy: fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, nausea, diarrhea, rash, decreased appetite, constipation, and pruritus.
  • In combination with cabozantinib: diarrhea, fatigue, hepatotoxicity, palmar-plantar
    erythrodysaesthesia syndrome, stomatitis, rash, hypertension, hypothyroidism,
    musculoskeletal pain, decreased appetite, nausea, dysgeusia, abdominal pain, cough,
    and upper respiratory tract infection.
  • In combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy: peripheral neuropathy, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, decreased appetite, abdominal pain, constipation, and musculoskeletal pain.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy: Based on data from animal studies and its mechanism of action, Nivolumab can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, administration of nivolumab to cynomolgus monkeys from the onset of organogenesis through delivery resulted in increased abortion and premature infant death. Human IgG4 is known to cross the placental barrier and nivolumab is an immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4); therefore, nivolumab has the potential to be transmitted from the mother to the developing fetus. The effects of Nivolumab are likely to be greater during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. There are no available data on Nivolumab use in pregnant women to evaluate a drug-associated risk. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

Lactation: There are no data on the presence of nivolumab in human milk, the effects on the breastfed child, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed child, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment and for 5 months after the last dose of nivolumab.

Precautions & Warnings

Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions:
  • Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue, including the following: immune-mediated pneumonitis, immune-mediated colitis, immune-mediated hepatitis and hepatotoxicity, immune-mediated endocrinopathies, immune-mediated dermatologic adverse reactions, and immune-mediated nephritis and renal dysfunction.
  • Monitor for early identification and management. Evaluate liver enzymes, creatinine, and thyroid function at baseline and periodically during treatment.
  • Withhold or permanently discontinue based on severity and type of reaction.
Infusion-related reactions: Interrupt, slow the rate of infusion, or permanently discontinue Nivolumab based on severity of reaction.

Complications of allogeneic HSCT: Fatal and other serious complications can occur in patient who receive allogeneic HSCT before or after being treated with a PD-1/PD-L1 blocking antibody.

Embryo-Fetal toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise females of reproductive potential of potential risk to a fetus and to use effective contraception.

Use in Special Populations

Pediatric Use: The safety and effectiveness of Nivolumab as a single agent and in combination with ipilimumab have been established in pediatric patients age 12 years and older with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.

Therapeutic Class

Immunological Chemotherapy, Immunosuppressant

Storage Conditions

Store under refrigeration at 2°C to 8°C. Protect from light by storing in the original package until time of use. Do not freeze or shake.