Echinacea

Indications

Echinacea is used to treat common cold, cough, bronchitis and other upper respiratory tract infections, fever & cold, stimulate the immune system to prevent the tendency of infection.

Therapeutic Class

Herbal and Nutraceuticals

Pharmacology

Echinacea products contain a variety of bioactive ingredients including echinacosides, caffeic acids, alkylamides, polysaccharides, and glycoproteins. Though several echinacea products are standardized to the amount of echinacosides, there is no general consensus on the active component of echinacea responsible for its purported medicinal properties. 

In vitro, echinacea causes macrophage activation and the release of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 1, interleukin 6, and interferon. Echinacea has been noted to have antiviral activity against influenza, herpes, and poliovirus. Phenolic compounds present in echinacea demonstrate antioxidant activity. It has also been reported to have antiinflammatory activity through inhibition of lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase and is able to stimulate the anterior pituitary-adrenal cortex.

Dosage & Administration

The dose is 1-2 capsule 3 times daily.

Side Effects

Echinacea is generally safe for most people. Some side effects have been reported such as fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, headache, dizziness, joint and muscle aches.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Echinacea is not recommended for use during pregnancy.

Precautions & Warnings

The drug should be used cautiously in patients with autoimmune disease

Storage Conditions

Echinacea capsule should be stored at room temperature. Protect from moisture and light.