Esomeprazole Magnesium Trihydrate
Esomeprazole is indicated:
- Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
- Healing of erosive esophagitis
- Maintenance of healing of erosive esophagitis
- Symptomatic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
- Reduction of NSAID-associated gastric ulcer
- H. pylori eradication (Triple therapy)
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Proton Pump Inhibitor
Esomeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that suppresses gastric acid secretion by specific inhibition of the H+/K+ ATPase in the gastric parietal cell. Esomeprazole (S-isomer of omeprazole) is the first single optical isomer of proton pump inhibitor, provides better acid control than racemic proton pump inhibitors.
Tablet or Capsule:
- Healing of erosive esophagitis: 20 mg or 40 mg once daily for 4 to 8 weeks. The majority of patients are healed within 4 to 8 weeks. For patients who do not heal after 4-8 weeks, an additional 4-8 weeks treatment may be considered.
- Maintenance of healing of erosive esophagitis: 20 mg once daily. Controlled studies did not extend beyond six months.
- Symptomatic GERD: 20 mg once daily for 4 weeks. If symptoms do not resolve completely after 4 weeks, an additional 4 weeks of treatment may be considered.
- H.pylori eradication (Triple therapy): Esomeprazole 20 mg twice daily for 10 days, Amoxicillin 1000 mg Twice daily for 10 days and Clarithromycin 500 mg twice daily for 10 days
Injection: The recommended adult dose in GERD with Erosive Esophagitis is either 20 or 40 mg Esomeprazole given once daily by intravenous injection (no less than 3 minutes) or intravenous infusion (10 to 30 minutes).
A solution for intravenous infusion is prepared by first reconstituting the contents of one vial with 5 ml of 0.9% Sodium Chloride and further diluting the resulting solution to a final volume of 50 ml. The resultant concentration after diluting to a final volume of 50 ml is 0.8 mg/ml.
- 20 mg dose: Withdraw 25 ml of the final solution and administer as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes to 30 minutes.
- 10 mg dose: Withdraw 12.5 ml of the final solution and administer as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes to 30 minutes.
Esomeprazole appears to be a selective inhibitor of the cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenase system, there may be an effect on hepatic clearance, but there have been no reports to date of clinically relevant interactions. There is some uncertainty over the effect of Esomeprazole on the oral combined contraceptive pill. Physiological changes similar to those found with omeprazole are likely to take place because of the reduction in gastric acid which is likely to influence the bacterial colonization of the stomach and duodenum and also vitamin B12 absorption.
Esomeprazole is contraindicated in those patients who have known hypersensitivity to any other components of the formulation.
Side effects reported with Esomeprazole include headache, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Pregnancy & Lactation
US FDA pregnancy category of Esomeprazole is C. So, Esomeprazole should be avoided in pregnancy and lactation unless the potential benefits to the other outweigh the possible risks to the fetus.
Precautions & Warnings
Exclude the possibility of malignancy when gastric ulcer is suspected and before treatment for dyspepsia. When using in combination with antibiotic, refer to the prescribing information of the respective antibiotics.
Directions for reconstitution of solution: Solution for injection is prepared by adding 5 ml of 0.9% Sodium Chloride for intravenous injection into the vial containing the dry powder. The reconstituted solution for injection is clear and colorless to very slightly yellow.
Keep in dry place and away from light and heat. Keep out of the reach of children.